|29 Sep 2023
|14 Dec 2023
|03 Jan 2024
|15 Feb 2024
juju deploy mysql --channel 8.0/stable
How to deploy and manage units
Hint: Use Juju 3. Otherwise replace
juju run ...with
juju run-action --wait ...for Juju 2.9.
To deploy a single unit of MySQL using its default configuration
juju deploy mysql
It is customary to use MySQL with replication. Hence usually more than one unit (preferably an odd number to prohibit a “split-brain” scenario) is deployed. To deploy MySQL with multiple replicas, specify the number of desired units with the
juju deploy mysql -n <number_of_cluster_members>
To retrieve primary replica one can use the action
get-primary on any of the units running MySQL:
juju run mysql/leader get-primary
Similarly, the primary replica is displayed as a status message in
juju status, however one should note that this hook gets called on regular time intervals and the primary may be outdated if the status hook has not been called recently.
Further we highly suggest configuring the status hook to run frequently. In addition to reporting the primary, secondaries, and other statuses, the status hook performs self healing in the case of a network cut. To change the frequency of the update status hook do:
juju model-config update-status-hook-interval=<time(s/m/h)>
Note that this hook executes a read query to MySQL. On a production level server this should be configured to occur at a frequency that doesn’t overload the server with read requests. Similarly the hook should not be configured at too quick of a frequency as this can delay other hooks from running. You can read more about status hooks here.
To scaling-up the cluster, use
juju add-unit mysql --num-units <amount_of_units_to_add>
To scaling-down the cluster, use
juju remove-unit mysql/<unit_id_to_remove>
Warning: be careful with removing all units! It can destroy your data (Juju storage provider dependent)!