Charmed PostgreSQL K8s

Channel Revision Published Runs on
latest/stable 20 20 Sep 2022
Ubuntu 20.04
14/stable 280 28 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/stable 281 28 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/candidate 281 18 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/candidate 280 18 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/beta 281 18 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/beta 280 18 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 22.04
14/edge 313 Today
Ubuntu 22.04
14/edge 312 Today
Ubuntu 22.04
juju deploy postgresql-k8s --channel 14/stable
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How to deploy on GKE

Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) is a highly scalable and fully automated Kubernetes service. To access the GKE Web interface, go to

This guide will walk you through setting up a cluster and deploying PostgreSQL K8s on GKE.


Install GKE and Juju tooling

Install juju, kubectl, and Google Cloud command-line tools using snap:

sudo snap install juju --classic
sudo snap install kubectl --classic
sudo snap install google-cloud-cli --classic


Log in to a Google account with the command

gcloud auth login

This should open a page in your browser starting with where you can complete the login.

If successful, the command prompt will show:

You are now logged in as [<account>].

Configure project ID

Next, you must associate this installation with GCloud project using “Project ID” from resource-management:

gcloud config set project <PROJECT_ID>

Sample output:

Updated property [core/project].

Install additional gcloud CLI tool

As a last step, install the Debian package google-cloud-sdk-gke-gcloud-auth-plugin using this Google guide: Install the gcloud CLI.

Create a new GKE cluster

This guide will use high-availability zone europe-west1 and compute engine type n1-standard-4 in command examples. Make sure to choose the zone and resources that best suit your use-case.

The following command will start three compute engines on Google Cloud and deploy a K8s cluster (you can imagine the compute engines as three physical servers in clouds):

gcloud container clusters create --zone europe-west1-c $USER-$RANDOM --cluster-version 1.25 --machine-type n1-standard-4 --num-nodes=3 --no-enable-autoupgrade

Next, assign your account as an admin of the newly created K8s cluster:

kubectl create clusterrolebinding cluster-admin-binding-$USER --clusterrole=cluster-admin --user=$(gcloud config get-value core/account)

Bootstrap Juju on GKE

Bootstrap a new juju controller on the new cluster by running the following commands:

juju add-k8s gke-jun-9 --storage=standard --client
juju bootstrap gke-jun-9
juju add-model welcome-model

At this stage, Juju is ready to use GKE. Check the list of currently running K8s pods with:

kubectl get pods -n welcome-model

Deploy charms

The following commands deploy PostgreSQL K8s and PgBouncer K8s:

juju deploy postgresql-k8s --trust

To track the status of the postgresql-k8s app, run

juju status --watch 1s

List clusters and clouds

To list GKE clusters and juju clouds, run:

gcloud container clusters list

Sample output:

mykola-18187  europe-west1-c  1.25.9-gke.2300  n1-standard-4  1.25.9-gke.2300  3          >RUNNING
taurus-7485   europe-west1-c  1.25.9-gke.2300  n1-standard-4  1.25.9-gke.2300  3          >RUNNING

Juju can handle multiple clouds simultaneously. To see a list of clouds with registered credentials on Juju, run:

juju clouds

Sample output:

Clouds available on the controller:
Cloud      Regions  Default       Type
gke-jun-9  1        europe-west1  k8s  

Clouds available on the client:
Cloud           Regions  Default       Type  Credentials  Source    Description
gke-jun-9       1        europe-west1  k8s   1            local     A Kubernetes Cluster
localhost       1        localhost     lxd   1            built-in  LXD Container Hypervisor
microk8s        0                      k8s   1            built-in  A local Kubernetes context

Clean up

Warning: Always clean GKE resources that are no longer necessary - they could be costly!

To clean GKE clusters and juju clouds, use:

juju destroy-controller gke-jun-9-europe-west1 --yes --destroy-all-models --destroy-storage --force
juju remove-cloud gke-jun-9

gcloud container clusters list
gcloud container clusters delete <cluster_name> --zone europe-west1-c

Revoke the GCloud user credentials:

gcloud auth revoke

You should see a confirmation output:

Revoked credentials:

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