Traefik Ingress Operator for Kubernetes

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latest/stable 191 05 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 20.04
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Ubuntu 20.04
juju deploy traefik-k8s
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Platform:

Metadata
Key Value
Summary TLS termination using a local root-ca.
Categories deploy-applications
Difficulty 2
Author Leon Mintz

Introduction

By the end of this tutorial you will have several apps deployed, that you could curl via an ingress https url. For simplicity, in this tutorial we will rely on a self-signed certificate issued by a stand-in local CA.

(Edit a copy of this diagram)

This tutorial assumes you have a Juju controller bootstrapped on a MicroK8s cloud that is ready to use. A typical setup using snaps can be found in the Juju docs. Follow the instructions there to install Juju and MicroK8s.

Configure MicroK8s

Follow the instructions under the “Configure MicroK8s” section to setup MicroK8s with metallb.

Deploy the apps

Now, we will deploy traefik, self-signed-certificates (to function as a root CA), and alertmanager, prometheus, and grafana (apps that take an ingress relation).

First, create a new model:

juju add-model tls-demo

Next, save the following bundle as tls-demo.yaml:

---
bundle: kubernetes
name: traefik-tls-demo

applications:
  traefik:
    charm: 'traefik-k8s'
    scale: 1
    trust: true
    channel: 'edge'
    options:
      external_hostname: 'demo.local'
  alertmanager:
    charm: 'alertmanager-k8s'
    scale: 1
    trust: true
    channel: 'edge'
  prometheus:
    charm: 'prometheus-k8s'
    scale: 1
    trust: true
    channel: 'edge'
  grafana:
    charm: 'grafana-k8s'
    scale: 1
    trust: true
    channel: 'edge'
  ca:
    charm: 'self-signed-certificates'
    scale: 1
    channel: 'edge'

relations:
- [traefik:ingress-per-unit, prometheus:ingress]
- [traefik:traefik-route, grafana:ingress]
- [traefik:ingress, alertmanager:ingress]
- [traefik:certificates, ca:certificates]

Finally, deploy the local bundle:

juju deploy --trust ./tls-demo.yaml

Reach an application’s endpoint via ingress

By default, the traefik charm sets up traefik in a way that allows both HTTP and HTTPS access. To force HTTPS redirect, see “Force HTTPS redirect”.

HTTP

First, obtain the ingress url by using a traefik action:

$ juju run traefik/0 show-proxied-endpoints
Running operation 5 with 1 task
  - task 6 on unit-traefik-0

Waiting for task 6...
proxied-endpoints: '{
  "prometheus/0": {"url": "http://demo.local:80/tls-demo-prometheus-0"},
  "alertmanager": {"url": "http://demo.local:80/tls-demo-alertmanager"}
}'

and Traefik’s IP:

$ TRAEFIK_IP=$(\
  juju status --format json traefik \
  | jq -r ".applications.traefik.address"\
)

Now, use the ingress URL with the application’s API HTTP endpoint:

$ curl --resolve "demo.local:80:$TRAEFIK_IP" \
   http://demo.local:80/tls-demo-alertmanager/-/ready
OK
$ curl --resolve "demo.local:80:$TRAEFIK_IP" \
   http://demo.local:80/tls-demo-prometheus-0/-/ready
Prometheus Server is Ready.

HTTPS

Save the certificate locally:

# TODO avoid literal indexing
juju show-unit --format json traefik/0 \
  | jq -r '."traefik/0"."relation-info"[3]."application-data".certificates' \
  | jq -r '.[1].certificate' \
  > /tmp/local.cert

and save Traefik’s IP if you haven’t done so already:

$ TRAEFIK_IP=$(\
  juju status --format json traefik \
  | jq -r ".applications.traefik.address"\
)

Curl the endpoint:

curl --resolve demo.local:443:$TRAEFIK_IP \
     --fail-with-body \
     --capath /tmp \
     --cacert /tmp/local.cert \
     https://demo.local/tls-demo-alertmanager/-/ready

This should return

OK

Help improve this document in the forum (guidelines). Last updated 1 year, 14 days ago.