Traefik Ingress Operator for Kubernetes

  • By Canonical Observability
Channel Revision Published Runs on
latest/stable 194 28 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 20.04
latest/candidate 199 28 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 20.04
latest/beta 199 21 Jun 2024
Ubuntu 20.04
latest/edge 203 Yesterday
Ubuntu 20.04
1.0/stable 164 16 Feb 2024
Ubuntu 20.04
1.0/candidate 164 22 Nov 2023
Ubuntu 20.04
1.0/beta 164 22 Nov 2023
Ubuntu 20.04
1.0/edge 164 22 Nov 2023
Ubuntu 20.04
juju deploy traefik-k8s --channel 1.0/beta
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Platform:

The traefik charm is a charm to provide ingress to another charmed application ‘the juju way’. The idea is that if a charm integrates with traefik-k8s then you can relate the two applications and your application will receive the url at which ingress is made available.

The traefik charm supports two standardized interfaces:

  • ingress

    Using this interface, each charmed application can request a single, cluster-unique url for ingress. You can choose between a domain-name-based url (your.parameters.domain.com) and a path-based url (domain.com\your\parameters).

  • ingress-per-unit

    Using this interface, each charmed application can request a cluster-unique url for each existing unit. This is for applications such as prometheus, where each remote-write endpoint needs to be routed to separately, and database applications who wish to do client-side load-balancing.

Traefik-route

The traefik route charm is a proxy charm that sits between traefik and a charm in need of ingress, and is used to provide low-level access to traefik configuration, as well as to allow per-relation configuration.

Want to have full access to all the expressive power of traefik’s routing configuration? Want to have one traefik instance, and provide domain-name-based url routing to some charms, but path-based url routing to some others? This is how you do it.

How to add ingress to your charm

Traefik owns two charm libraries to facilitate integrating with it over ingress and ingress_per_unit. At the time of writing, the most recent ingress version is v2. You can verify what the latest version for the libraries is by visiting the documentation pages on charmhub:

The following steps assume we want to use ingress. The process for ingress_per_unit is very similar.

Fetch the latest ingress library

charmcraft fetch-lib charms.traefik_k8s.v2.ingress

This will download lib/charms/traefik_k8s/v2/ingress.py The simplest way to use the library is to instantiate the IngressPerAppRequirer object from your charm’s constructor. You can immediately pass to it the host and port of the server you want to be ingressed (useful if they are static), or you can defer that decision to a later moment by using the IngressPerAppRequirer.provide_ingress_requirements API.

# src/charm.py
from charms.traefik_k8s.v2.ingress import IngressPerAppRequirer, IngressReadyEvent

... # your charm's __init__(self, ...):
        self.ingress = IngressPerAppRequirer(self, host="foo.bar", port=80)
        self.framework.observe(self.ingress.ready, self._on_ingress_ready)
        self.framework.observe(self.ingress.revoked, self._on_ingress_revoked)

    def _on_ingress_ready(self, event: IngressPerAppReadyEvent):
        self.unit.status = ops.ActiveStatus(f"I have ingress at {event.url}!")

    def _on_ingress_revoked(self, _):
        self.unit.status = ops.WaitingStatus(f"I have lost my ingress URL!")

    def _foo(self):
        self.ingress.provide_ingress_requirements(host="foo.com", port=42)


IngressPerAppRequirer will take care of communicating over the ingress relation with traefik-k8s and notifying the charm whenever traefik replies with an ingress URL or that URL is revoked for some reason (e.g. the cloud admin removed the relation).

How to get the proxied endpoint exposed by traefik

You have added an ingress integration to your charm and you have deployed it alongside traefik-k8s and related them. Run the following command to get a list of the endpoints currently exposed by traefik, one for each application integrated over ingress and one for each unit related over ingress_per_unit.

juju run traefik/0 show-proxied-endpoints

These are the URLs at which your workloads are externally accessible.


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