• By OpenStack Charmers
  • Cloud
juju deploy placement
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You will need Juju 2.9 to be able to run this command. Learn how to upgrade to Juju 2.9.
Channel Version Revision Published Runs on
latest/stable 32 32 Today
Ubuntu 21.10 Ubuntu 21.04 Ubuntu 20.10 Ubuntu 20.04 Ubuntu 18.04
latest/candidate 30 30 19 Oct 2021
Ubuntu 21.10 Ubuntu 21.04 Ubuntu 20.10 Ubuntu 20.04 Ubuntu 18.04


18.04 20.04 20.10 21.04 21.10


OpenStack placement service Read more

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The placement charm deploys Placement, the core OpenStack API service that tracks the inventory and usage of various cloud resources (e.g. compute, storage, network addresses). The charm works alongside other Juju-deployed OpenStack services.

Note: The placement charm is supported starting with OpenStack Train.



This section covers common and/or important configuration options. See file config.yaml for the full list of options, along with their descriptions and default values. See the Juju documentation for details on configuring applications.


The openstack-origin option states the software sources. A common value is an OpenStack UCA release (e.g. 'cloud:bionic-ussuri' or 'cloud:focal-victoria'). See Ubuntu Cloud Archive. The underlying host's existing apt sources will be used if this option is not specified (this behaviour can be explicitly chosen by using the value of 'distro').


Placement is often containerised. Here a single unit is deployed to a new container on machine '1':

juju deploy --to lxd:1 placement

Placement requires these applications to be present: keystone, nova-cloud-controller, and a cloud database.

The database application is determined by the series. Prior to focal percona-cluster is used, otherwise it is mysql-innodb-cluster. In the example deployment below mysql-innodb-cluster has been chosen.

juju deploy mysql-router placement-mysql-router
juju add-relation placement-mysql-router:db-router mysql-innodb-cluster:db-router
juju add-relation placement-mysql-router:shared-db placement:shared-db

Add relations to the remaining applications:

juju add-relation placement:identity-service keystone:identity-service
juju add-relation placement:placement nova-cloud-controller:placement

Upgrading to OpenStack Train

Prior to OpenStack Train, the placement API was managed by the nova-cloud-controller charm. Some extra steps are therefore needed when performing a Stein to Train upgrade. The documented procedure can be found on the Special charm procedures page in the OpenStack Charms Deployment Guide.

High availability

When more than one unit is deployed with the hacluster application the charm will bring up an HA active/active cluster.

There are two mutually exclusive high availability options: using virtual IP(s) or DNS. In both cases the hacluster subordinate charm is used to provide the Corosync and Pacemaker backend HA functionality.

See Infrastructure high availability in the OpenStack Charms Deployment Guide for details.


The OpenStack Charms project maintains two documentation guides:


Please report bugs on Launchpad.