LXD

  • By Stéphane Graber
Channel Version Revision Published Runs on
latest/stable 172 172 31 May 2022
Ubuntu 20.04
latest/edge 187 187 07 Jun 2022
Ubuntu 20.04
juju deploy lxd
Show information

Platform:

Ubuntu
20.04

LXD

The LXD charmed operator provides a simple way to deploy LXD at scale using Juju.

What is LXD?

LXD logo

LXD is a next generation system container and virtual machine manager. It offers a unified user experience around full Linux systems running inside containers or virtual machines.

LXD is image based and provides images for a wide number of Linux distributions. It provides flexibility and scalability for various use cases, with support for different storage backends and network types and the option to install on hardware ranging from an individual laptop or cloud instance to a full server rack.

Getting started with Juju

Follow Juju's Charmed Operator Lifecycle Manager to boostrap your cloud of choice and create a model to host your LXD application. Once done, deploying a LXD unit is as simple as:

juju deploy ch:lxd

Or for a set of 4 units using the 4.0/stable snap with the HTTPS listener enabled:

juju deploy ch:lxd --num-units 4 --config snap-channel="4.0/stable" --config lxd-listen-https=true

Or a unit using local storage as ZFS storage backend:

juju deploy ch:lxd --storage local=100G,1

Or a cluster of 3 members:

juju deploy ch:lxd --num-units 3 --config mode=cluster

Resources

For debugging purposes, the charm allows sideloading a LXD binary (lxd-binary) or a full LXD snap (lxd-snap) by attaching resources at deploy time or later on. Both resources also accept tarballs containing architecture specific assets to support mixed architecture deployments. Those tarballs need to contain files at the root named as lxd${ARCH} for the lxd-binary resource and lxd${ARCH}.snap for the lxd-snap resource.

juju attach-resource lxd lxd-snap=lxd_21550.snap

To detach a resource, the operator will need to attach an empty file as Juju does not provide a mechanism to do this.

touch lxd_empty.snap
juju attach-resource lxd lxd-snap=lxd_empty.snap

Storage

To use local storage with one disk of at least 10GiB as local ZFS storage backend:

juju deploy ch:lxd --storage local=10G,1

To use remote storage, this charm can be related to the ceph-mon charm:

juju relate lxd ceph-mon

A Ceph storage pool then needs to be created, first in Ceph and then in LXD. Here's how to create a pool named foo:

# create the pool on the Ceph cluster
juju run-action --wait ceph-mon/leader create-pool name=foo app-name=lxd

# then on LXD depending on the mode= setting

# if mode=standalone:
lxc storage create remote ceph source=foo ceph.user.name=lxd

# if mode=cluster: the pool needs to be created on each cluster
# members before being created at the cluster level
lxc storage create remote ceph source=foo --target lxd1
lxc storage create remote ceph source=foo --target lxd2
lxc storage create remote ceph source=foo --target lxd3
lxc storage create remote ceph ceph.user.name=lxd

What about feature XYZ?

In general, if something is doable by the LXD API, the charm won't replicate the feature to avoid duplication and other problems like desynchronisation between the charm's view and LXD's view. If however you find a feature that would be a worthwhile addition to the charm, please open an issue or send a pull request.

Known issues

Cluster leader removal

When in mode=cluster, removing the LXD application leader risks taking the whole cluster down.

Workaround: do not remove the leader unit (lxd/leader) when mode=cluster

Removing a unit from a cluster might leave the offline member part of the cluster

When force removing a machine/unit, Juju doesn't always emit the cluster_relation_departed event (LP: #1947416) preventing the proper cleanup on the LXD side.

Workaround: either avoid force removals or do a manual cleanup by connecting to another unit and removing the offline/departed unit using lxc cluster remove --force <hostname of departed unit>

Additional information