COS configuration

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Ubuntu 20.04
juju deploy cos-configuration-k8s --channel 1.0/beta
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Key Value
Summary Sync alert rules from a git repo using the cos-configuration charm
Categories integrations
Difficulty 2
Author Jose Massón

Imagine your business is looking to migrate your observability solution to COS Lite, but that you already have a lot of time invested into converting operational knowledge into alert rulesthat you’re versioning in a git repository.

In this tutorial you will learn how to make COS Lite automatically sync the alert rules of your git repo to Prometheus using the COS Configuration charm.

Prerequisites

This tutorial assumes that you already have the following:

Contents

  1. Create a juju model
  2. Deploy Prometheus Charmed Operator
  3. Deploy COS configuration Charmed Operator
  4. Relate Prometheus to COS Configuration
  5. Verification
  6. Sync interval
  7. Extra information

Create a juju model

In the following Juju model we will deploy our applications

juju add-model cos

Now, you can check that our model is empty and ready:

$ juju status

Model  Controller           Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
cos    charm-dev-batteries  microk8s/localhost  3.0.3    unsupported  17:21:00-03:00

Model "admin/cos" is empty.

Deploy Prometheus Charmed Operator

$ juju deploy prometheus-k8s prometheus --channel stable

After a few seconds, our Prometheus application is up and running:

$ juju status --relations

Model  Controller           Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
cos    charm-dev-batteries  microk8s/localhost  3.0.3    unsupported  17:26:56-03:00

App         Version  Status  Scale  Charm           Channel  Rev  Address         Exposed  Message
prometheus  2.33.5   active      1  prometheus-k8s  stable   103  10.152.183.235  no

Unit           Workload  Agent  Address      Ports  Message
prometheus/0*  active    idle   10.1.36.122

Relation provider            Requirer                     Interface         Type  Message
prometheus:prometheus-peers  prometheus:prometheus-peers  prometheus_peers  peer

Deploy COS configuration Charmed Operator

When deploying this charm, we will also need to provide some configuration:

  • git_repo: URL to repo to clone and sync against.
  • git_branch: The git branch to check out.
  • git_depth: Cloning depth, to truncate commit history to the specified number of commits. Zero means no truncating.
  • prometheus_alert_rules_path: Relative path in repo to prometheus rules.

Now, let’s deploy it:

$ juju deploy cos-configuration-k8s cos-config \
    --config git_repo=https://github.com/Abuelodelanada/cos-config \
    --config git_branch=main \
    --config git_depth=1 \
    --config prometheus_alert_rules_path=rules/prod/prometheus/

At this moment, our model looks like this:

$ juju status --relations

Model  Controller           Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
cos    charm-dev-batteries  microk8s/localhost  3.0.3    unsupported  17:43:03-03:00

App         Version  Status  Scale  Charm                  Channel  Rev  Address         Exposed  Message
cos-config  3.5.0    active      1  cos-configuration-k8s  stable    15  10.152.183.147  no
prometheus  2.33.5   active      1  prometheus-k8s         stable   103  10.152.183.235  no

Unit           Workload  Agent  Address      Ports  Message
cos-config/0*  active    idle   10.1.36.124
prometheus/0*  active    idle   10.1.36.122

Relation provider            Requirer                     Interface                  Type  Message
cos-config:replicas          cos-config:replicas          cos_configuration_replica  peer
prometheus:prometheus-peers  prometheus:prometheus-peers  prometheus_peers           peer

Relate Prometheus to COS Configuration

Once we execute this command:

$ juju relate prometheus cos-config

we will get both charms related:

$ juju status --relations
Model  Controller           Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
cos    charm-dev-batteries  microk8s/localhost  3.0.3    unsupported  17:51:33-03:00

App         Version  Status  Scale  Charm                  Channel  Rev  Address         Exposed  Message
cos-config  3.5.0    active      1  cos-configuration-k8s  stable    15  10.152.183.147  no
prometheus  2.33.5   active      1  prometheus-k8s         stable   103  10.152.183.235  no

Unit           Workload  Agent  Address      Ports  Message
cos-config/0*  active    idle   10.1.36.124
prometheus/0*  active    idle   10.1.36.122

Relation provider             Requirer                     Interface                  Type     Message
cos-config:prometheus-config  prometheus:metrics-endpoint  prometheus_scrape          regular
cos-config:replicas           cos-config:replicas          cos_configuration_replica  peer
prometheus:prometheus-peers   prometheus:prometheus-peers  prometheus_peers           peer

Verification

After setting the git_repo (and optionally git_branch), the contents should be present in the workload container,

$ juju ssh --container git-sync cos-config/0  ls -l /git

total 4
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Feb 23 20:40 dd2cc335a9b5734e0adbb25681074b09a4c3a111
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   40 Feb 23 20:40 repo -> dd2cc335a9b5734e0adbb25681074b09a4c3a111

and accessible from the charm container

$ juju ssh cos-config/0 ls -l /var/lib/juju/storage/content-from-git/0

total 4
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Feb 23 20:40 dd2cc335a9b5734e0adbb25681074b09a4c3a111
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   40 Feb 23 20:40 repo -> dd2cc335a9b5734e0adbb25681074b09a4c3a111

After relating to e.g. prometheus, rules from the synced repo should appear in app data,

$ juju show-unit prometheus/0 \
    --format json \
    | jq '."prometheus/0"."relation-info"'

[
  {
    "relation-id": 0,
    "endpoint": "prometheus-peers",
    "related-endpoint": "prometheus-peers",
    "application-data": {},
    "local-unit": {
      "in-scope": true,
      "data": {
        "egress-subnets": "10.152.183.235/32",
        "ingress-address": "10.152.183.235",
        "private-address": "10.152.183.235"
      }
    }
  },
  {
    "relation-id": 2,
    "endpoint": "metrics-endpoint",
    "related-endpoint": "prometheus-config",
    "application-data": {
      "alert_rules": "{\"groups\": [{\"name\": \"zinc_missing_alerts\", \"rules\": [{\"alert\": \"PepeTargetMissingRemote\", \"annotations\": {\"description\": \"A Prometheus target has disappeared. An exporter might be crashed.\\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}\", \"summary\": \"Prometheus target missing (instance {{ $labels.instance }})\"}, \"expr\": \"up{juju_application=\\\"PepeApp\\\"} == 0\", \"for\": \"0m\", \"labels\": {\"gitbranch\": \"main\", \"origin\": \"github\", \"severity\": \"critical\"}}]}]}"
...

as well as in prometheus itself using the command line:

$ juju ssh prometheus/0 curl localhost:9090/api/v1/rules

{"status":"success","data":{"groups":[{"name":"zinc_missing_alerts","file":"/etc/prometheus/rules/juju_zinc_missing_alerts.rules","rules":[{"state":"inactive","name":"PepeTargetMissingRemote","query":"up{juju_application=\"PepeApp\"} == 0","duration":0,"labels":{"gitbranch":"main","origin":"github","severity":"critical"},"annotations":{"description":"A Prometheus target has disappeared. An exporter might be crashed.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}","summary":"Prometheus target missing (instance {{ $labels.instance }})"},"alerts":[],"health":"ok","evaluationTime":0.000263312,"lastEvaluation":"2023-02-23T20:55:06.506298391Z","type":"alerting"}],"interval":60,"limit":0,"evaluationTime":0.000272579,"lastEvaluation":"2023-02-23T20:55:06.50629195Z"}]}}

or using Prometheus Web UI:

Sync interval

The repo syncs on every update-status event or when the juju administrator manually runs the sync-now action.

$ juju run cos-config/0 sync-now
Running operation 1 with 1 task
  - task 2 on unit-cos-config-0

Waiting for task 2...
18:10:28 Calling git-sync with --one-time...
18:10:29 Warning: I0223 21:10:28.544402     186 main.go:473] "level"=0 "msg"="starting up" "pid"=186 "args"=["/git-sync","--repo","https://github.com/Abuelodelanada/cos-config","--branch","main","--rev","HEAD","--depth","1","--root","/git","--dest","repo","--one-time"]

git-sync-stdout: ""

Extra information

COS Configuration Charmed Operator not only can forward alert rules to Prometheus, but also alert rules to Loki and Dashboards to Grafana.

Paths to Loki alert rules and Grafana dashboard files, can also be set after deployment:

$ juju config cos-config loki_alert_rules_path=rules/prod/loki/
$ juju relate cos-config loki-k8s

$ juju config cos-config grafana_dashboards_path=dashboards/prod/grafana/
$ juju relate cos-config grafana-k8s

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